Islamophobia in the United States and Europe has spread and sparked hatred against Muslims in other parts of the world, including the Asia-Pacific region, experts say.
“It is legitimate today to talk about the globalization of Islamophobia,” John Louis Esposito, a professor of international affairs and Islamic studies at Georgetown University, told Anadolu Agency.
Esposito pointed out that Islamophobia became a major global problem after the 1979 revolution in Iran and then the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, adding that while Islamophobia first spread to the United States, Great Britain Britain and Germany, it then spread to other regions. , “even in northern Europe where there aren’t even that many Muslims”.
“You have the problems of Myanmar, the former Burma. You have the problems of China concerning the Uyghurs. In both cases, you even have international communities which speak of genocide”, he specified.
“What’s really astonishing is even more than that, the extent to which it (Islamophobia) has become global,” he pointed out, suggesting that anti-Muslim sentiments were also spreading across the country. entire political spectrum.
In France, for example, not only far-right politician Marine Le Pen, but also President Emmanuel Macron, used hostile rhetoric against Muslims during the election campaign, Esposito said, adding that the attitude of these political figures towards the Muslim community was that of a cultural conflict.
Noting that Islamophobia hasn’t generated enough outcry, he said: “It’s interesting that when you actually say how many Muslim governments have spoken out and how many major international Muslim organizations have spoken out. There is a silence there.
“Right-wing movements around the world are inspired by European movements”
According to researcher Arsalan Iftikhar, right-wing movements around the world were learning from movements in Europe and America.
“The right-wing movement in the world is politically inspired by European and American right-wing movements, other global right-wing movements,” he told Anadolu Agency.
Iftikhar, who wrote “Fear of a Muslim Planet: Global Islamophobia in the New World Order”, also said that these movements try to marginalize Muslims and other minorities in their lands.
“It’s important to understand the context and the clues they take from each other,” he continued, citing the example of hijab bans in European countries that began in France under President Jacques Chirac. in 2004 and other nations. who adopt Islamophobic policies.
“There are attacks on Muslims all over India. There are hijab bans in the southern state of Karnataka, which, again, is literally inspired by Europe as well.”
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