The EEA Briefing’‘ analyzes recent trends in municipal waste in the EU in light of the achievement of two key waste targets: the obligation for each Member State to recycle at least 60% of municipal waste by 2030, and the EU-level target of halve residual municipal waste landfilled or incinerated by 2030.
The quantity of residual municipal waste has remained relatively stable in the EU over the past 5 years at around 113 million tonnes, as recycling rates and the amount of waste generated have increased at roughly the same rate. In 2020, around 48% of municipal waste in the EU was recycled.
If more municipal waste is generated, the EU would have to recycle around 72% to meet the target of halving the amount of residual (non-recycled) municipal waste by 2030. Alternatively, the target could be achieved by reducing the amount of waste generated by around a third and reaching the recycling rate of 60% in all EU Member States, according to the EEA analysis.
Achieving the 72% recycling rate would require a significant improvement in waste collection systems and recycling infrastructure, as well as a widespread redesign of consumer products for easier recycling, the EEA briefing says. However, prevent the production of waste in the first place would provide the biggest benefits For the environment. This would require, for example, increasing the lifespan of consumer goods and ensuring strong support for the reuse of products.
As part of the European Green Deal and the Circular Economy Action Plan, the European Commission recently presented a set of proposals to make products on the EU market more environmentally friendly, circular and energy-efficient, as well as a new strategy to make textiles more durable, repairable, reusable and recyclable.
Western Balkan countries struggle to improve waste management
The EEA Briefing’‘ draws attention to the growing amounts of municipal waste and poor waste management in the region. Most municipal waste in the Western Balkans continues to be landfilled and there is an urgent need to invest in separate collection systems and recycling infrastructureindicates the AEE briefing.
Waste legislation and targets in the Western Balkans increasingly follow EU directives, but data on waste generation and management remain largely insufficient. There are many initiatives to improve data quality, but illegal, substandard and informal activities are hampering the proper funding and functioning of the legal infrastructure and its improvement, warns the EEA briefing. Extended producer responsibility schemes could provide additional funding to improve waste management in the region, if well designed, managed and implemented.