A 4-year-old Italian Greyhound dog has tested positive for monkeypox after the two men he lives with were diagnosed with the virus.
Earlier this month, the medical journal The Lancet published a report from Paris, France, which may indicate the potential for transmission between humans and pets.
Although there have been no known cases of human-to-pet transmission in the United States to date, the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has stated that it was possible to spread through close contact, including petting, cuddling, cuddling, kissing, licking. , share sleeping areas and share food.
Monkeypox is a viral infection whose symptoms usually include a rash that looks like pimples or blisters, as well as fever, headache, muscle aches, swollen lymph nodes, chills and exhaustion. Symptoms usually appear 1 to 2 weeks after exposure, and the rash usually lasts 2 to 4 weeks — during which time the person is contagious — according to the state health department.
In the case of France, both men developed rashes, leading to positive PCR tests for monkeypox. Twelve days after the onset of symptoms, their dog presented with lesions in the abdomen and anus. The dog had no previous medical conditions.
The men said they slept with their dog, according to the report. Samples from the dog and the men were compared. Both contained the same virus strain and had 100% sequence homology.
The researchers said the case suggests human-to-dog transmission and should spark debate about the need to isolate pets from people infected with the virus. Further research is needed to understand the potential for secondary transmission from pets.
Related: Should we be worried about parallel outbreaks of monkeypox and COVID?
Cases of monkeypox have been reported in rodents and primates in countries where the virus is endemic, as well as in prairie dogs in the United States and in captive primates in Europe that have had contact with imported animals.
Monkeypox is not common in the United States, which makes the recent outbreak unusual. Already this year, at least 12,689 cases have been reported across the country, including 2,620 in New York, 1,945 in California, 1,268 in Florida, 1,048 in Texas and 1,013 in Georgia.
Michigan had 104 known cases of monkeypox as of Tuesday, August 16, ranking 19th nationally. The cases are spread across 14 counties, led by Wayne with 42, Oakland with 18, Macomb with 13, Kent with nine, Washtenaw with six, Ingham with five and Ottawa with four. Other counties with at least one case include Bay, Ionia, Jackson, Livingston, Montcalm, Muskegon and St. Clair.
No deaths have been reported in the United States so far. Michigan hospitals have reported few, if any, cases in hospitalized patients. Most patients are tested and then sent home to self-isolate.
If you are infected with monkeypox, do not come into close contact with pets after symptoms appear, according to the CDC. Ask a friend or family member to care for the animal if it has not been exposed. If your pet has been exposed, keep it away from other animals or people for 21 days after last contact.
Health officials do not recommend abandoning, euthanizing, or abandoning pets simply because of potential exposure or a positive case of monkeypox. Do not wipe or bathe your pet with chemical disinfectants, alcohol, hydrogen peroxide, or other products, such as hand sanitizer, counter-cleaning wipes, or other cleaners industrial or surface.
Potential signs of monkeypox in animals may include lethargy, lack of appetite, coughing, nasal discharge or crusting, bloating, fever, and/or pimples or a blister-like rash. Call your veterinarian if you notice your pet appears ill within 21 days of contact with someone who has confirmed or suspected monkeypox.
Last week, federal regulators updated their guidelines for using the monkeypox vaccine, Jynneos, between the layers of the skin in two doses 28 days apart. Previously, it was recommended to administer the shot under the skin. The change increased the number of doses up to five times, according to the FDA.
“MPV continues to spread and we hope that increased vaccination doses will help us prevent further spread and offer protection to those who may or may have been exposed,” said Dr Natasha Bagdasarian, Medical Director from Michigan. “We encourage those at risk to contact their local health department and get vaccinated as soon as possible.”
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