Russia’s war against Ukraine has killed thousands, devastated cities and caused a mass exodus of around six million nationals, many of whom bear witness to torture, sexual violence and wanton destruction.
Kyiv has repeatedly requested longer-range precision weapons so forces can defend against Russian heavy artillery, which was used to devastating effect in the battle for Donbass.
This week Defense Secretary Ben Wallace announced that the UK would equip Ukraine with an M270 multiple launch rocket system.
He said: “As Russia’s tactics change, our support for Ukraine must also change.”
But according to Professor Matt Qvortrup, a political scientist at the Center for Trust, Peace and Social Relations (CTPSR) at Coventry University, the government’s leading role in helping Kyiv through arms must be combined with efforts to find longer-term solutions.
He told Express.co.uk: “How can Ukraine become a well-established European nation?
“It’s the civil war effort, the overcoming of just giving them weapons.”
READ MORE: Western weapons ‘already making a difference’ in Ukraine
Professor Qvortrup is part of a group of academics, economists and politicians behind the Council for Economic Recovery of Ukraine (CERUA).
Others are Volodymyr Groysman, the former Ukrainian prime minister, and Dutch politician Ad Melkert, former executive director of the World Bank Group’s Board of Directors.
CERUA was created on the basis of the World Bank’s harsh forecast that the Ukrainian economy will shrink this year by 45%.
Professor Qvortrup, director of the council, said: “Our aim is to bring together the best policy thinking to address issues directly relevant now, but also to do useful and practical thinking for the future, which can be difficult for Ukrainian officials to do in the midst of war and crisis.
“Creating a viable economy in Ukraine will require more than financial support.”
He added: “All the evidence shows that democratic institutions and the rule of law are key to creating prosperity. A strong economy requires courts that can enforce contracts and the transparency that comes from democratic institutions.
“Ukraine pioneered checks and balances in the early 1700s – it’s time for those ideas to come back.”
Acknowledging the challenges that come with Ukraine still “literally under siege”, he explained: “We’re kind of talking about this idea of rebuilding a ship while it’s still at sea.
“What we need to do is restore the institutions that are conducive to economic growth, which are essentially the institutions of the rule of law, which are British values.”
DO NOT MISS
The two scenarios in which NATO could declare war on Russia [EXPLAINER]
Putin’s religion: Does the Russian president believe in God? [ANALYSIS]
Russia’s ‘Five Hands’ Could Trigger Nuclear Armageddon [INSIGHT]
Alluding to the English Glorious Revolution of 1688, Professor Qvortrup suggested that the end of the war in Ukraine could give way to a stronger nation.
He said: “A long time ago, when Britain really took off, it was when we created courts that enforced these rules. [the rule of law].
“We are trying to do the same for Ukraine, as Britain did in 1688.
“This is a case of Ukraine coming home to the European family from which it was so violently driven away.”
CERUA will publish articles and reports, and organize conferences to present its findings on an ongoing basis.
Mr. Groysman of Ukraine said: “I am happy to have been invited to participate in the work of this Council.
“The war is affecting different parts of the country in different ways, and we have to recognize that the solutions have to take that into account.
“Cities with Russian invaders or which have been devastated like Mariupol will need far different solutions from Lviv which has fortunately been largely spared the worst impact of the war.”